21 January, 2020

Enhancing Indigenous Peoples’ Development through CBMIS

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ELATIA1 (the Indigenous Peoples Global Partnership on Climate Change, Forests and Sustainable Development2) underwent a series of workshops and consultations for the past years and agreed to operationalize Indigenous Peoples’ Sustainable, Self-Determined Development (IPSSDD), as the  integrated and holistic development framework within their communities. 

In the context of IPSSDD, the partners agreed to develop and establish Community-Based Monitoring and Information System (CBMIS) as a participatory action research using various tools, methodologies and  technologies for the generation of baseline data, mapping their territories, and coming up with resource inventories and relevant reports about their communities.

CBMIS is not a new methodology or process. Indigenous peoples have traditionally and continuously been monitoring changes within their own ecosystems, resources, and other developments within their environment in the past until the present times. Indigenous peoples had always openly shared or reported to their communities any changes that they observed in their environment which, in turn, they also collectively analyze and make their own actions and decisions in response to such changes.

Building up from this traditional monitoring knowledge and practice, CBMIS—as a collective and iterative process,  with identified  tools and methodologies, and currently integrating the use of new technologies—has been maximized to systematize the baseline information and further monitoring of results or changes in their surroundings and situation through the years.

The generated CBMIS data, information and reports serves  as the basis for indigenous peoples’ collective analyses and decisions to strengthen their ownership of their lands, territories and resources, for further developing their community development plans, assessing and sustaining their traditional livelihoods with appropriate technologies and innovations, and strengthening their low-carbon climate change actions within their community.

The reports generated from their CBMIS work are also maximized for their advocacy work for policy formulation and changes at various levels and structures of governance; and for monitoring of agreed indicators and changes in their community affairs and concerns, as their contribution in the achievement of broader sustainable goals and specific self-determined initiatives.

Specific to systematizing  and managing the data, information, and various reports generated through CBMIS tools and methodologies,  the ELATIA partners also agreed on the common core domains or key thematic areas that they will cover for data generation, analysis,  planning and monitoring.  These core domains are the following: 1) land, territories and resources, 2) traditional knowledge, 3) full and effective participation, 4) traditional governance, and 5) human rights, that also cover gender and intergenerational concerns. Indicators were identified that they will monitor under each of the core domains.

Over the years, ELATIA partners have documented and told significant stories resulting from their CBMIS work within the context of operationalizing IPSSDD in their communities and territories. They have shared these stories outside their communities at district, regional, national and global levels for advocacy work on indigenous peoples’ issues and concerns. 

The CBMIS experiences included in this publication focused on the importance, achievements, and lessons learned in CBMIS and IPSSDD implementation. These reports affirm the significance of the collective ownership, control, and management of  data and information by indigenous peoples themselves; the importance of  strengthening indigenous knowledge and experiences in the sustainable management and use of their lands and resources; and the imperative of securing indigenous peoples’ rights to their lands, territories and the resources within as basis for self-determining communities. These reports also show how indigenous peoples ensured the effective participation of the community, including women and youth, in both customary and new, co-existing governance systems on the advancement of indigenous peoples’ rights and women’ rights, as key elements of IPSSDD implementation.

Our sincerest gratitude goes to our partners in ELATIA for putting into writing, their stories that show the relevance and impacts of CBMIS in the lives of several of their indigenous communities from Latin America, Africa and Asia. Finally, Tebtebba acknowledges the generous support of the Climate and Land-Use Alliance to our sustained work on CBMIS and for making this publication a reality.
    Grace Balawag
    Tebtebba CBMIS Team
    01 July 2018
NICARAGUA: Strengthening Indigenous Territorial Governance Through Participatory 3D Mapping
PERU: Empowering Yanesha Communities: CBMIS and IPSSDD Implementation in Peru
KENYA: Implementing CBMIS and IPSSDD: Experiences and Lessons from Elangata-Enterit/Enkutoto Group Ranch in Southern Kenya
CAMEROON: “Kulbimis Opened Our Eyes”
NEPAL: CBMIS and IPSSDD: A Case Study of Nepal
Indigenous Territory Management System: Dayak Jalai Indigenous Community in Kampong BatuMenang
PHILIPPINES: Gains and Lessons Learned on CBMIS and IPSSDD Implementation in Select Communities in the Cordillera Region,  Philippines
VIETNAM: CBMIS and IPSSDD: The Model of “Community Ownership-Based REDD+ Initiative Through the Legal Community Entity”

1 Elatia is a Maasai word meaning “group of  neighbors doing a common decision or plan of action,” which the partners adopted as the name of the indigenous peoples’ global partnership organized by Tebtebba in 009.
2 This global partnership is composed of 18 indigenous peoples’ organizations, networks and NGOs from 13 countries across Asia, Africa and Latin America regions, which is coordinated by Tebtebba. It is composed of the ff:  1) Aliansi Masyarakat Adat Nusantara (AMAN) and ) Institut Dayakologi (ID) - Indonesia; 3) Maleya Foundation – Bangladesh; 4) Silingan  Dapit Sa Sidlakang Mindanao (SILDAP), 5) Naundep ni Napahnuhan ni Kalanguya (NNK), and 6) Ugnayang Pambansa para sa Katutubong Kaalaman at Talino (UPAKAT) – Philippines; 7) Centre for Indigenous Peoples’ Research and Development (CIPRED) – Nepal; 8) Centre of Research and Development in Upland Areas (CERDA) – Vietnam; 9) Lelewal – Cameroon; 10) Mainyoito Pastoralist Integrated Development Organisation (MPIDO) and 11) Indigenous Livelihoods Enhancement Partners (ILEPA) – Kenya; 1) Dignite Pygmee (DIPY) and 13) Union Pour l’Emancipation de la Femme Autochtones (UEFA) – Democratic Republic of Congo; 14) Asamblea Mixe para el Desarollo Sostenible (ASAM-DES) – Mexico; 15) Centro de Culturas Indígenas el Perú (Chirapaq) – Peru; 16) Centro para la Autonomía y Desarollo de los Pueblos Indígenas (CADPI) – Nicaragua; 17) Conselho Indigena de Roraima (CIR) – Brazil; 18) Federacion por la Autodeterminacion de los Pueblos Indigenas (FAPI) – Paraguay; 18) Tebtebba.


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